Graniczny Meander Odry

Location:Poland
Area:387 acres (157 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Central European mixed forests

Soils

Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share75 %15 %10 %50 %30 %10 %5 %5 %
Soil TypeEutric FluvisolsMollic GleysolsTerric HistosolsEutric CambisolsHaplic LuvisolsEutric RegosolsHaplic PhaeozemsEutric Fluvisols
Topsoil TextureMediumFineMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorVery poorVery poorModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellPoor
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m150 m
Phase 1PhreaticPhreaticPhreaticErosionErosionErosionErosionErosion
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer80 - 150 cm40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm80 - 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel4 %1 %28 %9 %4 %25 %2 %4 %
Sand39 %15 %35 %42 %41 %47 %38 %39 %
Silt40 %29 %33 %36 %37 %34 %39 %40 %
Clay21 %56 %32 %22 %22 %19 %23 %21 %
USDA TextureLoamClayClay loamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.21 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.22 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.21 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.86 %2.27 %39.4 %1 %0.74 %0.98 %1.95 %0.86 %
PH7.26.15.66.66.56.46.47.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity63 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹47 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹63 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹32 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation91 %83 %75 %93 %91 %78 %87 %91 %
Total Exchangeable Bases16.9 cmol kg⁻¹22.2 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹12.4 cmol kg⁻¹16.9 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.5 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0.5 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %1 %2 %1 %1 %1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel7 %1 %5 %12 %3 %28 %4 %7 %
Sand41 %24 %52 %41 %37 %51 %40 %41 %
Silt38 %24 %23 %34 %34 %31 %37 %38 %
Clay21 %52 %25 %25 %29 %18 %23 %21 %
USDA TextureLoamClaySandy clay loamLoamClay loamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.39 g/cm³1.2 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.38 %0.81 %38.46 %0.37 %0.36 %0.4 %0.67 %0.38 %
PH7.56.45.876.76.96.87.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity61 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹56 cmol kg⁻¹64 cmol kg⁻¹61 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity14 cmol kg⁻¹25 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation96 %91 %96 %93 %93 %89 %95 %96 %
Total Exchangeable Bases15.2 cmol kg⁻¹18.9 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹15.1 cmol kg⁻¹13.1 cmol kg⁻¹10.3 cmol kg⁻¹13.8 cmol kg⁻¹15.2 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate2.5 %0 %0 %0.1 %0 %0 %0.1 %2.5 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %2 %1 %2 %1 %2 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263