Diet Overlap

Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)

Common Diet

Daphne gnidium (flax-leaved daphne)
Lonicera implexa
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)
Olea europaea (olive)
Osyris quadripartita (African Sandalwood)
Phillyrea angustifolia
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)
Pistacia lentiscus (mastic tree)
Rhamnus alaternus (Italian Buckthorn)
Rhamnus lycioides (black hawthorn)
Rubia peregrina (Wild Madder)
Rubus ulmifolius (elmleaf blackberry)
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)
Smilax aspera (Sarsaparilla)
Stenurella melanura

Common Habitat

Abuko Nature Reserve
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve
AISTHITIKO DASOS KALAVRYTON
Albertine Rift montane forests
Alpár-bokrosi tisza-ártéri öblözet
Alsó-Tisza-völgy
Alte Valli Anzasca, Antrona e Bognanco
Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro
Alte Valli Stura e Maira
ALTO CINCA
Alto Garda Bresciano
Amboseli National Park
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests
ANATOLIKI RODOS: PROFITIS ILIAS - EPTA PIGES - EKVOLI LOUTANI - KATERGO, REMA GADOURA - CHERSONISOS
Appenine deciduous montane forests
Arabako Hegoaldeko Mendilerroak / Sierras Meridionales de Álava
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre
Arxipèlag de Cabrera
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve
Atlantic mixed forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe
Azraq Wetland Reserve
Babia Góra National Park
Bacini ex-zuccherificio di Argelato e Golena del Fiume Reno
Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa
Balkan mixed forests
Baltic mixed forests
Basso Taro
Bayerischer Wald National Park
Beigua - Turchino
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve
Berchtesgaden Alps
Berezinskiy Zapovednik
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast
Bialowieza National Park
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Crevalcore
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella
Bocca di Caset
Boschi del Ticino
Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara
BRAZO DEL ESTE
Caerlaverock National Nature Reserve
Calamocarro-Benzú
Caledon conifer forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests
CAMPIÑAS DE SEVILLA
Cantabrian mixed forests
Cap de cala Figuera
Cap Enderrocat-cap Blanc
Carpathian
Carpathian montane forests
Castelnuovo Bocca d'Adda
Caucasus
Caucasus mixed forests
Celtic broadleaf forests
Central European mixed forests
Chausey
Codru (Kodry) Zapovednik
COLLARADA - IBÓN DE IP
COMPLEJO ENDORREICO LA LANTEJUELA
COMPLEJO ENDORREICO LEBRIJA-LAS CABEZAS
Corpo centrale e rupi costiere occidentali dell'Isola di Capri
Costa Brava de Mallorca
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA
Cross-Niger transition forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests
Dana
Darvinsky Zapovednik
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA
DELTA EVROU
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO JALÓN
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests
Disgrazia - Sissone
DOÑANA
Dyfi National Nature Reserve
DYTIKI RODOS: ORI ATTAVYROS & AKRAMYTIS, TECHNITI LIMNI APOLAKKIAS KAI NISIDES GEORGIOU, STRONGYLI,
East African montane forests
East European forest steppe
East Siberian taiga
Eastern Afromontane
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe
Eastern Arc forests
Eastern Beskid
Eastern Guinean forests
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS
English Lowlands beech forests
Es Trenc-Salobrar de Campos
ESTERO DE DOMINGO RUBIO
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS SAMARIAS - FARANGI TRYPITIS - PSILAFI - KOUSTOGERAKO
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests
Fågelsångsdalen
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve
Foresta di Legnoli
GALACHOS DE LA ALFRANCA DE PASTRIZ, LA CARTUJA Y EL BURGO DE EBRO
Galichia Gora Zapovednik
Garzaie del Parco Adda Sud
Grigne
Große Freiheit bei Plaue
Gruppo del Monviso e Bosco dell'Alevè
Guinean Forests of West Africa
Guinean montane forests
HOCES DEL RIO MESA
Horn of Africa
Hortobágy National Park
HURDES
Iberian conifer forests
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Illots de Ponent
Illyrian deciduous forests
Irano-Anatolian
Is-Simar (l/o San Pawl il-Bahar)
Iskmo ön
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve
Isojärvi-Arvajanreitti
Isola Mal di Ventre
Isola Maria Luigia
Isomatala-Maasyvänlahti
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Juurikkajärvi
Kakamega Forest Reseve
Karkonosze
KATO OLYMPOS, OROS GODAMANI KAI KOILADA RODIAS
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve
Kazakh forest steppe
Kazakh semi-desert
Kazakh steppe
Khazar Zapovednik
Killarney National Park
Kirkkojärvi
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék
Kolkanaukko
Köyliönjärvi
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area
Krkonose
KYTHIRA KAI GYRO NISIDES: PRASONISI, DRAGONERA, ANTIDRAGONERA, AVGO, KAPELLO, KOUFO KAI FIDONISI
L-Ghadira Area
La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells
La Rocchetta
LA SOTONERA
La Trapa
Laajalahti
Laghetto del Frassino
Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna
Lagorai
Lahnaniemen, Solistonsuon ja Alatalon metsät
Lake Nakuru National Park
Lake Torne Area
Lanca di Gussola
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve
LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI
LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA
LIMNI AGIAS (CHANIA)
LIMNI DYSTOS
LIMNOTHALASSA KALOGRIAS, DASOS STROFYLIAS KAI ELOS LAMIAS, ARAXOS
LOS VALLES
Luberon
Luvian saaristo
MARISMAS DE ISLA CRISTINA
Marismas de Santoña y Noja
MARISMAS DEL RIO PIEDRAS Y FLECHA DEL ROMPIDO
Marjovuori
Mataraniemi - Mäyrämäki
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX
Mäyrävuoren - Seppälänjoen metsät
Medio Taro
Mediterranean Basin
METERIZIA AGIOS DIKAIOS - TSOUNARA - VITSILIA LEFKON OREON
Minsmere to Walberswick Heaths and Marshes
Minziro Forest Reserve
Mondragó
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve
Mont Ventoux
Monte Barro
Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta
Monte Generoso
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL
Mordovsky Zapovednik
Mujib Nature Reserve
Nairobi National Park
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil
Niger Delta swamp forests
Nigerian lowland forests
NISIA ANTIPSARA KAI NISIDES DASKALIO, MASTROGIORGI, PRASONISI, KATO NISI, MESIAKO, KOUTSOULIA
NISOS LEIPSOI (DYTIKO TMIMA) KAI NISIDES: FRAGKOS, MAKRONISI, PILAFI, KAPARI, KALAPODIA, MEGALO ASPR
North Atlantic moist mixed forests
North Norfolk Coast Biosphere Reserve
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets
Northwest Iberian montane forests
NOTIO AKRO RODOU, PRASONISI, YGROTOPOS LIVADI KATTAVIAS
NOTIO DASIKO SYMPLEGMA EVROU
NOTIOANATOLIKOS PARNASSOS - ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PARNASSOU - DASOS TITHOREAS
NOTIODYTIKI CHERSONISOS, APOLITHOMENO DASOS LESVOU
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve
ORDESA Y MONTE PERDIDO
OREINOS EVROS - KOILADA DEREIOU
ORI BARMPAS, KLOKOS, FARANGI SELINOUNTA
ORI VOREIOU VOURINOU KAI MELLIA
OROS CHOLOMONTAS
OROS OLYMPOS LESVOU
OROS OSSA
OROS OTHRYS, VOUNA GKOURAS KAI FARANGI PALAIOKERASIAS
OROS PARNASSOS
OROS TAYGETOS - LAGKADA TRYPIS
OROS YMITTOS
Oukkulanlahti
Päätyeenlahti
Palava Protected Landscape Area
Pannonian mixed forests
PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA
Parc National de la Comoe
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano
Parco Naturale Adamello
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio
Parco Regionale Oglio Sud
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi
Parma Morta
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve
Pflaelzerwald
Po Basin mixed forests
Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po
Po di Corte S. Andrea
Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po
Po di Pieve Porto Morone
Po di San Rocco al Porto
Polana Biosphere Reserve
Pontic steppe
Pooskerin saaristo
POSETS - MALADETA
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve
PUERTOS DE BECEITE
Puszcza Kampinoska
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests
Queen Elizabeth National Park
Rahjan saaristo
Rauvolanlahti
Reserve de la Biosphere d'Iroise
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve
Reserve Srebarna
RIBERAS DE CASTRONUÑO
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS
Risaie della Lomellina
Riserva Regionale Bosco dei Bordighi
Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti
Riserva Regionale Fontanile Nuovo
Riserva Regionale Garzaia di Pomponesco
Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole
Riserva Regionale Paluaccio di Oga
Rödkallen-SörÄspen
Rodope montane mixed forests
Ruegen
Rummelön-Harrbådan
S'Albufera de Mallorca
S'Albufera des Grau
Sa Dragonera
Saariniemi-Tervalahti
Saaristomeri
Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar
SALVATIERRA - FOZES DE FAGO Y BINIÉS
Sarmatic mixed forests
Sayan montane conifer forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands
Schorfheide-Chorin
Senna Lodigiana
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera
Settore e rupi costiere orientali dell'Isola di Capri
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE
SIERRA DE CANCIÁS - SILVES
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA
SIERRA DE MONCAYO - LOS FAYOS - SIERRA DE ARMAS
SIERRA DE MORALEJA Y PIEDRA SANTA
SIERRA DE SIRUELA
SIERRA PELADA Y RIVERA DEL ASERRADOR
SIERRA SUBBETICA
SIERRAS DE LEYRE Y ORBA
SIERRAS DE PEÑALSORDO Y CAPILLA
SIERRAS DE SANTO DOMINGO Y CABALLERA Y RÍO ONSELLA
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets
SOROS - AGKATHI - KEDROS
SOTOS Y CARRIZALES DEL RÍO ARAGÓN
South Pennine Moors
South Siberian forest steppe
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests
Spinadesco
Spreewald
St. Kilda National Nature Reserve
STENA NESTOU
Sumava Biosphere Reserve
Sysmäjärvi
Tagomago
Tatra Mountains
Taynish National Nature Reserve
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve
Torbiere d'Iseo
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area
Triangolo Lariano
Triglav National Park
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve
Txingudi
Ural montane forests and tundra
Val Caffaro
Val Codera
Val di Scalve
Val di Togno - Pizzo Scalino
Val Formazza
Val Grigna
Valle dei Ratti - Cime di Gaiazzo
Valle del Mezzano, Valle Pega
Valle dell'Adige
Valli di Argenta
Valli di Comacchio
Valsolda
Vanhanselkä-Ruppavuori
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve
Vesuvio e Monte Somma
Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic
VIÑAMALA
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve
Waddensea of Lower Saxony
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein
Wadi Rum Protected Area
West Siberian taiga
West Sudanian savanna
Western Guinean lowland forests
Wicklow Mountains SPA

Attributes / relations provided by
1A STUDY OF AVIAN FRUGIVORES, BIRD-DISPERSED PLANTS, AND THElR INTERACTION IN MEDITERRANEAN SCRUBLANDS, CARLOS M. HERRERA, Ecological Monographs, 54(1), 1984, pp. 1-23
2DIET, FRUIT CHOICE AND VARIATION IN BODY CONDITION OF FRUGIVOROUS WARBLERS IN MEDITERRANEAN SCRUBLAND, PEDRO JORDANO, Ardea 76 (1988): 193-209
3Ecology of Commanster
4Exclusive frugivory and seed dispersal of Rhamnus alaternus in the bird breeding season, Josep M. Bas, Pere Pons and Crisanto Gómez, Plant Ecology (2005)
5Birds and berries: a study of an ecological interaction. Calton, Great Britain, Snow B.K., Snow D.W., 1988, T & AD Poyser. 268 p.