Diet Overlap

Turdus torquatus (Ring Ouzel)
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)

Common Diet

Hedera helix (Algerian ivy)
Juniperus communis (Common Juniper)
Juniperus phoenicea (Phoenician Juniper)
Juniperus sabina (savin)
Lumbricus rubellus (red earthworm)
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)
Stenurella melanura

Common Habitat

Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve
Alpi Carniche
Alpi Marittime
Alps conifer and mixed forests
Alto Garda Bresciano
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe
Babia Góra National Park
Balkan mixed forests
Bayerischer Wald National Park
Beigua - Turchino
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve
Berchtesgaden Alps
Bideford Bay Biosphere Reserve
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells
Caledon conifer forests
Cantabrian mixed forests
Carpathian
Carpathian montane forests
Caucasus
Caucasus mixed forests
Celtic broadleaf forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests
Central European mixed forests
Central Persian desert basins
COLLARADA - IBÓN DE IP
Costa Brava de Mallorca
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex
Cyprus Mediterranean forests
Dana
DESFILADERO DE LOS GAITANES
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO JALÓN
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests
Disgrazia - Sissone
DOÑANA
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe
Eastern Beskid
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS
Elburz Range forest steppe
English Lowlands beech forests
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests
Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve
Foresta di Legnoli
GALACHOS DE LA ALFRANCA DE PASTRIZ, LA CARTUJA Y EL BURGO DE EBRO
Grigne
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Illyrian deciduous forests
Irano-Anatolian
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests
Karkonosze
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve
Killarney National Park
Kola Peninsula tundra
Kopet Dag semi-desert
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe
Krkonose
La Trapa
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve
LOS VALLES
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets
Mediterranean Basin
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe
Mediterranean woodlands and forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert
Middle East steppe
Monte Carpegna e Sasso Simone e Simoncello
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL
Moor House-Upper Teesdale Biosphere Reserve
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil
North Atlantic moist mixed forests
North Norfolk Coast Biosphere Reserve
North York Moors
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests
ORDESA Y MONTE PERDIDO
Palava Protected Landscape Area
Pannonian mixed forests
Parc National Suisse
Parco Naturale Adamello
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi
Pindus Mountains mixed forests
Po Basin mixed forests
Polana Biosphere Reserve
Pontic steppe
POSETS - MALADETA
Prespa National Park
PUERTOS DE BECEITE
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada
Reserve de la Biosphere d'Iroise
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS
Riserva Regionale Bosco dei Bordighi
River Spey
Rodope montane mixed forests
Ruegen
S'Albufera des Grau
Sa Dragonera
SALVATIERRA - FOZES DE FAGO Y BINIÉS
Scandinavian and Russian taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands
Sefton Coast
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren
SIERRA DE MONCAYO - LOS FAYOS - SIERRA DE ARMAS
SIERRA NEVADA
SIERRA SUBBETICA
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS
SIERRAS DE LEYRE Y ORBA
SIERRAS DE SANTO DOMINGO Y CABALLERA Y RÍO ONSELLA
South Pennine Moors
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests
St. Kilda National Nature Reserve
Sumava Biosphere Reserve
Tatra Mountains
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve
Triglav National Park
Tzentralen Balkan
Val Caffaro
Val di Scalve
Val Grigna
Val Troncea
Valle dei Ratti - Cime di Gaiazzo
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve
VIÑAMALA
Western European broadleaf forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe

Attributes / relations provided by
1Birds and berries: a study of an ecological interaction. Calton, Great Britain, Snow B.K., Snow D.W., 1988, T & AD Poyser. 268 p.
2Geographical ecology and variation of plant-seed disperser interactions: southern Spanish junipers and frugivorous thrushes, Pedro Jordano, Vegetatio 107/108: 85-104, 1993.
3Ecology of Commanster